Cause, symptoms and treatment of hirsutism .

Posted by jimmy | Posted in Cancer & Illness | Posted on 06-05-2013-05-2008

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Hirsutism is a word derived from the Latin word ‘hirsutus’ meaning ‘hairy’ or ‘shaggy’ and is a term used for excess facial and body hair growth.It occurs in about 5-15% of women between the age of 18 and 45 and is more common in Southern European and South Asian women. It is a distressing condition and often leads to avoidance of social situations, anxiety and depression. The main sign of hirsutism is coarse and pigmented body hair, which appear on areas of the body where hair is not commonly found in women, particularly the face, chest and back.Treatment of hirsutism is usually a combination of medical and physical procedures.

Hirsutism
Around 5-15% of women between the age of 18 and 45 suffer from hirsutism. Globally, it is more common in Southern European and South Asian women. The condition is distressing and often leads to avoidance of social situations, anxiety and depression. It is mainly a cosmetic and psychological condition but may also be a sign of a more serious underlying condition, especially if it develops rapidly {1, 2}.
What is Hirsutism?
Hirsutism is a word derived from the Latin word ‘hirsutus’ meaning ‘hairy’ or ‘shaggy’ and is a term used for excess facial and body hair growth. It refers to male pattern distribution of hair mostly found in women, and is a problem with potential medical, social, and physiological implications for millions of women. Hirsutism is both a cosmetic and physiological condition which can affect your everyday life {1}.

The human hair structure

Body hair is a complex structure and consists of a shaft, root and a follicle. The most common theory is that hair evolved from the scales of a reptile. However there is no evidence to suggest that this took place as hair and scales preserve very well and there is no fossil record which has been found even after centuries of searching {3} .

Another theory suggests that primates known as apes were our ancestors and we have evolved over centuries to become the humans we are today. However if this was the case then why are apes still around today? And how did we get rid of all the fur on primate’s bodies? {3}.

Hair is comprised of mainly proteins (88%). These proteins are of a hard fibrous type known as keratin. The keratin protein is comprised of polypeptide chains which are made up of many amino acids. Peptide bonds hold these amino acids together in pairs. The polypeptide that forms the keratin protein found in human hair is referred to as the a (alpha) helix. In the organization of a single strand of hair 3 alpha helices are twisted together to form a “protofibril”. This is actually the first fibril structure of the hair {4}.

Types of hair
Generally, there are 3 types of hair:

1. Lanugo is soft hair covering skin of foetus

2. Vellus is soft and short hair covering hairless areas of the body

3. Terminal is longer and coarse in texture. For example the eyebrows, eyelashes, scalp hair, pubic and axillary hair in both sexes, and much of the body and facial hair of men.

Facial and body hair of women are mainly of the vellus type, and hirsutism is a vellus to terminal hair transformation {1}.

What stimulates hair growth?
Hair is made up of keratin and other protein fibers, and grows in cycles which is not synchronised in human beings. Each hair enters phases of the growth cycle at different times. There are three phases of the hair growth cycle: anagen, catagen and telogen. Anagen is the phase of active hair growth. The hair remains in this phase from 2 to 6 years, depending on skin region. After anagen is completed, the hair enters the catagen phase; this phase usually lasts around 2-3 weeks where the matrix cells gradually stops dividing and eventually keratinizes (develops keratin). When full keratinisation is achieved, the hair enters the last phase of the cycle, telogen. The telogen phase lasts around 3-4 months during which the keratinized hair falls out, and a new matrix is gradually formed. A new hair is born and the follicle is back in anagen phase {5}.
Causes of Hirsutism

Hirsutism is caused by an excess production of androgens {6}. Androgens are hormones in our body, which are responsible for distribution of body hair and are also responsible for the rate of hair growth. They facilitate the transformation of vellus to terminal hairs in androgen-sensitive areas, including: non-sexual, ambosexual and sexual areas.

• Non-sexual skin areas are typically independent of the effect of androgens, and include eyelashes, eyebrows, lateral and occipital aspects of the scalp.

• Ambosexual skin areas, for example, lower pubic triangle and axillae, are quite sensitive to androgens. Minimal increases of adrenal androgens observed in early puberty are sufficient for the development of terminal hair in these areas.

• Sexual skin areas respond only to high concentrations of androgens. These areas include the face, chin, chest, lower abdomen, lower back upper thighs, upper arms, and upper pelvic triangle. Terminal hairs in these areas are typically masculine, but in females constitute hirsutism.

Severe hirsutism is usually caused by high level of androgen, which can be brought about by a number of medical conditions. These include:

1. Idiopathic Hirsutism is the most common form of hirsutism, where the cause of excessive hair growth is unknown. This form of hirsutism is thought to be hereditary and as such, there would be a family history of the condition. Women who suffer from idiopathic hirsutism typically have no other symptoms associated with other forms of hirsutism apart from excessive hair growth.

2. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) , a common condition caused by an imbalance in sex hormones, causing irregular periods, infertility, obesity, and oftentimes multiple cysts on the ovaries. PCOS is known to be the most common identifiable cause of hirsutism and is present in about 70 to 80% of women suffering from hirsutism {1, 7}.

3. Late-onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia , which is an inherited condition involving an abnormal production of steroid hormones, such as androgen and cortisol, and is an underlying cause of hirsutism in 2-5% of women with hirsutism.

4. Cushing’s syndrome , which occurs when the body is exposed to an excess of cortisol over a long period of time. Cortisol is a steroid hormone, involved in the body’s response to stress. An increase in cortisol levels disrupts the balance of sex hormones in the body; this can lead to hirsutism {7}.

5. Tumours , particularly androgen secreting tumours of the ovary or adrenal, although these rarely cause hirsutism {8}.

6. Medications , such as danazol, used in the treatment of women with endometriosis, can cause hirsutism in susceptible individuals {7, 8}.
Symptoms of Hirsutism
The main sign of hirsutism is coarse and pigmented body hair, which appear on areas of the body where hair is not commonly found in women, particularly the face, chest and back. Where hirsutism is caused by excessively high androgen levels, symptoms may also include acne, balding, decreased breast size, a deepening voice, and increased muscle mass.
Risk factors

These include,

1. Family history

2. Ethnicity – Idiopathic hirsutism is more likely to be found in women of Mediterranean , South Asian and Middle Eastern origin.

3. Lack of ovulation

4. Use of steroid hormones, particularly androgens

5. Disorders of the adrenal glands
Treatment

Treatment of hirsutism must be a combination of medical and physical procedures.

1. Medical treatments help to decrease or slow down excess hair growth. Medications include spironolactone, oral contraceptive pills, finasteride, cyproterone acetate, flutamide, metformin, and eflornithine hydrochloride.

2 Physical methods have been established as the best method for cosmetic hair removal. These include bleaching, plucking, waxing, shaving, depilatory creams and electrolysis.

* Bleaching involves the use of a bleaching product, which will help lighten hair rather than remove it. This method is used to disguise unwanted facial hair in order to achieve an even tone. Bleaching agent hydrogen peroxide and activator ammonium bicarbonate, act together as agents to bleach the hair. The disadvantages of bleaching include skin irritation and temporary skin discolouration.

* Plucking hair using tweezers is an effective way to remove hair but can be very time consuming. The hair shaft must be long enough to grasp with tweezers. This mode of hair removal can be unpredictable, possibly resulting in hyperpigmentation, scarring and ingrown hairs.

* Waxing is an effective method of removing large amounts of hair at one time. In this method wax is warmed or can be used cold. However warm wax allows it to be spread easily over the skin in the direction of the hair growth. A piece of cotton or a waxing strip can then be laid onto the area being treated and then it should be pulled back stripping the hair out of its follicles.

Removing hair by waxing can be painful, and can cause hyperpigmentation and scarring.

* Shaving involves using a razor to remove the tip of the hair shaft that has grown up through the skin. Razors come in a bunch of different forms. There are standard razors that are either completely disposable or have a disposable blade that needs to be replaced regularly, and there are also electric razors.

Shaving can produce adverse effects which include skin irritation, cuts in the skin, the need to shave daily and stubbles.

* Depilatory creams are products which are very strong alkali. They affect the hair by decomposing it at skin level and fractionally, into the mouth of the follicle. This is because being cream it can go a little deeper than a razor giving better results. This technique of hair removal works very well by removing the hair on a temporary basis.

You may also find that depilatory creams include and cause skin irritation, burns, ingrown hairs and allergic reaction like contact dermatitis.

* Electrolysis is another hair removal method. Each individual hair is treated by inserting a tiny surgical probe into the hair follicle and directing a split second impulse of energy down to the root hair. The hair can then be lifted out and the technique can be repeated over and over until the desired area is cleared.

This technique may cause a change in pigmentation and irritation as well as redness . Procedure is painful and there is a possibility of some hair regrowth.

Other methods include,

* Galvanic electrolysis , which uses direct current electrolysis, which means a direct electric current, is passed down a needle into the hair follicle where it creates a chemical reaction. This reaction converts tissue saline into sodium hydroxide, a caustic agent that then destroys the hair bulb.

This technique may cause partial to full regrowth of hair and may cause lasting skin damage and spread of infection.

* Epilation involves the use of an epilator, which is an electrical device used to remove hair by mechanically grasping multiple hairs simultaneously and pulling them out. The way in which epilators pull out hair is similar to waxing as the hair is pulled out from the roots which maybe painful.

The long term effects of epilation on the hair follicle are not known however, you may experience some redness. This may be because epilation attempts to destroy the hair follicle and repetitive epilation may result in permanent matrix damage, resulting in finer or thinner hairs.

* Sugaring , also known as sugar waxing is a popular form of hair removal that works in the same way traditional waxing does. A thick sugary substance similar to caramel is spread on the skin in the direction of hair growth. The hair becomes embedded in the caramel. A cloth or a waxing strip is then patted onto the caramel and then pulled off quickly in the opposite direction of the hair growth, pulling the hairs out of the follicles. The advantage of this method over traditional waxing is the clean up. The sugar substance is water-soluble and can be removed easier than wax by rinsing with water.

Sugaring may also cause adverse effects which include pain, hyperpigmentation and scarring.

* Laser pigment hair removal where the laser uses a beam of light, which penetrates the skin and is absorbed by the pigment colour in the hair where it is converted to heat. The heat travels down the hair shaft to the hair root and destroys it so that further hair cannot grow.

Using this technique of permanent hair removal may cause redness in the area treated. It may also feel very hot and you may notice a few scabs forming a short while after.

3. Alternative treatments include herbal preparations, which contain herbal extracts such as Saw palmetto ( Serenoa repens ); however, like most herbal treatments, there are limited safety data and few controlled trials of their effect {9}.

Tips for prevention

1. Obesity causes severe Hirsutism. Therefore, women should take up weight loss programme which helps in decreasing serum insulin levels and androgen production.

2. For overweight women with PCOS(Polycystic Ovary Syndrome), even a 5% weight reduction can bring about significant improvement in biochemical profile

3. Habits of healthy eating and daily exercise help in controlling excess growth of hair.

4. Mechanical removal of hair by shaving, bleaching, plucking, or chemical depilation. Shaving may result in folliculitis and ingrown hair. Waxing and plucking may be effective, but they carry the risk of skin irritation, folliculitis and ingrown hairs

5. Combination of electrolysis and thermolysis shows efficacy of 15-50% permanent hair loss with repeated treatment.

6. Laser hair removal treatment is safe and effective unless a course of treatment is taken up.

Get the very best Hair Removal Products that work like charm

Posted by jimmy | Posted in Nutrition & Supplement | Posted on 12-11-2012-05-2008

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The best hair removal products have not changed much for centuries. A person can pull out a razor, use it on his face or her legs, and have a relatively clean surface area. The only problem with using a razor is that it grows back. Women often use tweezers to pluck out hair of the eyebrows and on the upper lip. This works because women typically have less facial hair than men. It is slightly painful, but it gets rid of the hair for longer than shaving will.

Many people do not like shaving, and will look for any way possible for having to use the razor. If a good product was made for the removal of beards, it would probably outstrip the sales of Gillette’s safety razors. Even though it’s a sign of maturity, guys do not like to shave. Once they start, they often wish there was a way they could stop again that did not involve Electrolysis or laser hair removal. Some guys will get it anyway.

Fortunately, women have it a little easier when it comes to hair removal. They can go out to their local drug store or department stores and find depilatories that are gentle enough to be used on their face. Even Nair makes one. The commercial products work equally as well, but there are some differences in body chemistry that may make one product work better for one person than it does for someone else. If you are not sure about a product, the best way to find out if it will work for you is to try it. The worst that can happen is you wind up with irritation on the effected areas for a few days. You’ll know not to buy the product when you go to the store next time. That is, after all, the most that many of us can hope for.

If you are unsure what product will work best for you, the best thing to do is try it out. Competitive pricing means that one product will not cost that much less than another. When you find one that does work, you can become a devotee of that brand. It is a very personal choice and one an individual will make for herself. Of course, no one will care that she makes it as long as she looks presentable after she is done using them on her body.

Apart from these, there are also other methods like threading or using tweezers. Facial hair removing strips are generally used for removing excess facial growth. Laser hair removal systems are also available nowadays for permanent results and can be used at home. However they are usually more expensive but then they are a onetime buy. Most of these methods are suitable for men and women alike. However it is necessary to consult a specialist or professional to get initiated into waxing or the laser systems. With plenty of the best hair removal products at your disposal, you can definitely dare to bare.

Trynono – How To Remove Unwanted Hair

Posted by jimmy | Posted in Health knowledge | Posted on 26-02-2012-05-2008

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Trynono – Hair usually grows all over the human body during and following puberty. Men tend to have far more body hair than ladies. Both men and women have a tendency to have hair on their head, eyebrows, eyelashes, armpits, pubic region and legs; and men also have hair on their face, abdomen, back and chest. Hair doesn’t normally grow on the palms of the hands, the lips, particular locations of the genital structure, or the soles of the feet.

Forms of hair removal are practiced for several reasons, such as cultural, sexual, medical and religious. Forms of hair removal have been practiced in practically all human cultures. The methods utilized to eliminate hair have varied in diverse times and regions, but shaving is the most popular approach.

Hirsutism will be the excessive hairiness on humans in those parts of the body where terminal hair doesn’t usually occur or is minimal – for instance, a beard or chest hair. It refers to a male pattern of body hair (androgenic hair) and it’s for that reason primarily of cosmetic and psychological concern. Hirsutism can be a symptom instead of a illness and may well be a sign of a additional severe medical condition, especially if it develops properly soon after puberty.

Treatment – Several girls with unwanted hair seek methods of hair removal. Even so, the causes of the hair growth will need to be evaluated by a physician, who can conduct blood tests, pinpoint the distinct origin of the abnormal hair growth, and advise on the therapy.

The No!No! hair removal device, also known as trynono, uses heat to burn the head of hair down to its roots. This slows or stops hair growth. It also causes any curly hair that grows back to create back once again slower and finer.

Because the curly hair grows back again slower and finer you may have to shave a lot much less typically or use the No!No! locks remover significantly less generally. Getting to shave less normally and with out ache is just about every woman’s dream. The trynono system is a complete method which includes the head of hair removing gadget, buffer, skin lotion and supportive material like power cord, user manual, carrying case, and so on.

The Popularity Of The Laser Hair Removal Machines

Posted by jimmy | Posted in Health knowledge | Posted on 24-02-2012-05-2008

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In our culture today, it seems that the less body hair you have, the more attractive you are considered. Over time, people have tried many things in an attempt to remove their unwanted body hair, with little regard to pain and expense it seems. Shaving that can leave you with cuts and rashes, bleaching that can cause skin irritation, tweezing that can be painful and tedious, waxing that is very painful, and using depilatories that melt away hair (and sometimes skin) are some of the methods people have employed in the fight against body hair. Most everyone that desires to rid himself or herself of unattractive or embarrassing body hair would favor a way to do so that will take away the hair forever.

Unfortunately, that only comes with electrolysis, which is highly expensive and requires many treatments. That is why laser hair removal has been growing in popularity. It promises quick removal of hair from the root, and pledges that the hair will grow back at a very slow rate. If you are considering the procedure of laser hair removal, it is smart to learn about the procedure, and that you find a reputable and practitioner that knows how to properly use the machine that will be used to carry out the procedure on you.

Laser hair removal works when a technician or physician uses a hand-held machine to push and light beams through the device into the hair follicles. This light is aimed at the dark pigment in your hair, and causes damage to the hair follicles without damaging the surrounding tissue. The procedure is somewhat painful, despite many claims by some laser hair removal professionals to the contrary. Most clinics will make available several pain reduction techniques, including skin cooling with gels, sprays, water mist, or air.

There are a great many plusses to laser hair removal. The most important one is the long-term removal of unwanted hair, or it’s permanent reduction in appearance, which can diminish embarrassment. Any regrowth of hair often comes in lighter in color and finer in texture. If performed correctly by a technician or physician that knows how to operate the machine, the procedure is considered safe. If you have a large area on your body with a great deal of hair, such as your back, chest, or legs, this treatment will work best for you. Fair-skinned people with darker body hair usually get the best results with this procedure.

With the plusses, there are, of course, the minuses. There is very little long-term medical evidence to suggest it’s safety or effectiveness. Since every body is different, it is difficult to establish concrete regrowth scales. Laser hair removal tends to not work as effectively on gray, red, or blonde hairs, and it must be performed very carefully on people with darker skin tones or who tan themselves regularly. Having this treatment can result in burns, abrasions, or skin discoloration. And since some people don’t respond to it at all, the decision to have it done should be carefully made.

There are many establishments out there who perform laser hair removal that make claims that the procedure is painless, that the hair removal is completely permanent, and that there will be absolutely no hair regrowth. There are currently FDA regulations in place that prohibit anyone to make these claims. But, because there is no real legal regulation of who can purchase laser hair removal machines, for training on the use of them, or quality control standards, there is a great risk for physical injury if you take a chance with someone who is not a licensed physician, or a highly reputable laser hair removal technician. By making laser hair removal machines more widely available by not restricting those who can purchase them, it might make it more affordable, but it also increases the risks to those who choose to undergo the procedure. It is not worth the risks just to save money by going to someone who might not have the expertise to use the machine.

Choosing a person to do your laser hair removal should be a long and well thought out process. Take heed to choose a physician or clinic that will give you a free in-office consultation. Ask as many questions as possible, including questions regarding the laser hair removal machine, pain relief, costs and fees, and post-procedure treatment. Observe the office and equipment to see that they are clean. Talk to former customers, and ask them questions about the clinic or physician’s manner and service. Ask to get a test patch done before you make any commitments, and do not make a commitment to have the procedure done at the consultation meeting. Think carefully about it. By taking time to make your choice, you will get the best price and the best experience, and have the best possible outcome with your laser hair removal.

All About Electrolysis Hair Removal

Posted by jimmy | Posted in Health knowledge | Posted on 20-02-2012-05-2008

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In regards to removing hair, there are various techniques to pick from. Depending on what is preferred, there are non permanent remedies and also permanent ones as well. A great many who favor comfort and can afford to pay for permanent procedures usually choose to go through electrolysis hair removal. This is actually the only procedure that is FDA approved for permanent hair removal. To achieve preferred results, this treatment needs to be attained in a number of periods. Of course, all of us have several types of hair so for some people hair removal isn’t 100% permanent. Find out all about the electrolysis process to see if it really is something for you.

What It Is

Electrolysis is a method of taking away excess hair on the body while using an electrical current. This procedure wrecks the center of hair growth using the insertion of a very fine needle-like electrode. With this method, the middle of hair growth will be destroyed. Electrolysis hair removal can be performed via various solutions. This includes Diathermy or Thermoloysis, Galvanic, and Blend. Prior to the process is performed, the professional will do a patch test on the skin to evaluate for any reactions before continuing to the rest of the area.

Diathermy or Thermoloysis

This procedure of electrolysis creates heat with the aid of a short-wave diathermy current that includes a high frequency. This really is used to burn off the hair at its follicle. This is successfully done utilizing a fine needle, that’s placed on the location with the heat released for around 1-3 seconds.

Galvanic

This procedure relies on a galvanic current that creates lye via chemical changes. Lye is an ingredient that creates destruction in this procedure. Just what it does is takes out the dermal papilla, which then causes growth of hair. Many look at this option to be more successful than the previous one, though the removal of hair requires more time than the other techniques.

Blend

This method is a blend of both diathermy and galvanic strategies. It works on the theory that lye is much more damaging when blended with heat therefore basically, this ought to be the most successful procedure. Mixing up both heat and chemical makes this procedure less painful as compared to others however it is also recognized to take longer in taking away hair in comparison to diathermy.

Why Do This Process

Amongst all treatment options for getting rid of hair, electrolysis hair removal is known to be the most effective of all with the best results. As opposed to laser hair removal, this process can be achieved on anyone, no matter hair or skin kind. The reason being it doesn’t entail the hair pigment, but instead, it focuses on the hair follicle.

Facts to consider

Accomplishing this procedure does require around 20 to 30 visits so dedication to accomplishing the procedure is essential to attain the ideal results. Furthermore, it doesn’t come cheap so other than setting aside time to accomplish this method, setting aside funds are also a must. Electrolysis hair removal fees vary between $50 to $100. Moreover, those people who are prepared to do electrolysis has to be prepared for some uncomfortableness.

People who find themselves looking to eliminate hair for good should truly look at electrolysis hair removal. It has been verified to be an easy way for getting rid of undesirable hair permanently.

Hair Removal Is Now Here To Stay

Posted by jimmy | Posted in Health knowledge | Posted on 20-02-2012-05-2008

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Hair removal, or these days, laser hair removal is the newest craze in the beauty and cosmetic industry. While removing unwanted hair has been in practice since ancient times, technology hasn’t been more tightly focused or innovative as it is at the moment. Nowadays, the choices run the gamut to match any and all tastes and costs from using razors as well as depilatory creams, methods for instance sugaring and threading, having cold or hot wax, to electrolysis as well as laser hair removal.

This kind of beauty trend is necessary for females. In fact, it’s not really a craze; it’s pretty much an age-old traditions. Although it is not everyone visits the salon for any bikini wax or maybe might think of getting laser hair removal, almost everyone did some sort of “landscaping,” whether by means of shaving their legs or even their underarms, or shaping as well as plucking their eyebrows plus the fuzz on their upper lip.

Everyone has body hair; and the amount and distribution vary, also amongst ladies. Often, women simply grow really fine hair, the so-called peach fuzz, on their own top lip, chin, chest, and also belly, and often on the back. The exceptionally hirsute-and somewhat unfortunate-females develop darker, rough hairs of these identical regions. Much like the development pattern found in men.

Along with these alternatives for getting rid of unwanted hair, why does aqua laser hair removal having lots of buzz? For ladies seeking freedom with the just about day-to-day fuss of checking several areas for upkeep from unwanted hair, there are actually not very many selections. As waxing offers a somewhat longer flexibility from hair re-growth-where hair may grow back everywhere between one to six weeks based on the location on the body as well as on the individual-electrolysis and laser light at the same time provide a long lasting remedy.

Plenty of clinics and even spas and salons feature laser hair removal lately; and yet make sure you check state laws or the medical board whether they are officially allowed to perform such a task. Electrolysis in the meantime must be done by a licensed professional electrologist. Remember, you’re getting into for hair removal, not risking harm to the skin, face, or any other body parts, so do your own research.